Warts when become larger in size make and look embarrassing for anyone especially, when appeared on the body, face and other parts of the body.
Warts are non-cancerous eruptions or benign tumours developed over the skin and these are basically caused by the virus called human papillpma and it can be contagious also. Certain wart virus also gets spread to the partner through sexual intercourse and in such cases diagnosis needs intervention of the dermatologist at the earliest. If not treated earliest, these warts may also cause itching, pain and sometimes bleeding also. In some women, genital warts may also serve as catalyst and could result in cervical cancer. When the warts are developed on soles of feet, hands or private areas of the body, movement of the body may be impaired.
Using or sharing others’ towels at home, hotels can be risk factors to develop the warts.
Types of Warts
- Common Warts
These are regular warts with skin color one tone darker than the surrounding skin tone. These warts are occurred on toes and fingers usually. These warts can be spread through biting of nails or touching, as it is contagious.
Periungual nails are usually painful, as these are appeared below fingernails and toenails.
These warts are yellowish, brownish or pinkish in color and these are appeared mostly on thighs, face and arms. Mostly these warts are not painful or cause discomfort.
Planar warts are quite painful, as they appear on the feet soles and these look in the shape of cauliflower.
These warts are grown rapidly and sometimes make embarrassing, as these are erupt close to nose, mouth. These look as the same color of the skin.
Prevention is also possible to a certain extent to control development of warts. Quickly wash your hands, whenever you shake hands with somebody, who have warts problem and no itching or scrapping should be done, to prevent from aggravating. Sometimes temporary relief medications can also worsen the wart conditions. When the wart condition is visible, moisture the skin frequently to prevent spread of the warts.
Some of the warts can be disappeared by themselves in a few weeks, months or even in a few years. The long lasting warts are needed to diagnose. These can be treated through several treatment methods.
- Chemical Peel
The warts can be removed by applying peeling medicines in order to deaden the tissues of the warts. The treatment is continued for a period of several days. The selection of the chemicals, which are also used in different ointments of skin, is done on the basis of their proven ability of offering relief to the complications of warts.
This treatment is done by freezing the abnormal skin cells, which constitute the warts as well as the skin area at the surroundings. It is done to deaden the nerves, which irritate the skin. Cryotherapy is non-invasive, painless and non-intrusive and it is very effective for the skin cancer treatments also.
This treatment involves painting of the affected skin area with cantaridin solution and the skin would be left exposed so that it gets dried for continuous 5 to 7 days. The dead wart would then be scrapped away from the skin surface.
The procedure of excision is a surgical removal process, yet a painless procedure, in a clinical environment. This treatment is quite popular and also less expensive.
- Laser Treatment
Stubborn warts can be removed through laser treatment by removing them layer by layer. The treatment does not cause any wounds, injuries or scars and blood supply is cut off to the warts. These lasers emanate heat and this heat is good enough to treat complicated warts also. A single session is enough usually to remove the warts and sometimes second session may also be required for complicated warts.
This dermatological treatment is performed by applying diphenylcyclopropenone, which is very effective for stubborn warts for removing warts from the skin surface. It is given as an injection and it improves the ability of the body to fight against the diseases of the skin.
- Curettage & Electrosurgery
Curettage treatment involves warts removal through a surgical tool that looks like a spoon and using this the wart is scraped out. The process of electrosurgery involves wart removal through burning the skin with the help of electrical impulses with the help of needle. The wart tissue is finally burnt from the combination of the heat and electric charge.
- Minor Surgery
The surgery treatment is performed after local anaesthesia administration. The process involves surgical instrument for cutting and removing the warts and later the wart tissue is burnt by passing electrical impulses. Surgery is needed for the stubborn warts, which don’t respond to different treatment methods. The process of surgery is painful and may result in discomfort and might cause scarring.
No matter what the treatment is, it is important to choose experienced and expert dermatologist as precaution to ensure that the treatment is safe enough and no side effects would be resulted. Warts in adults are complicated and the treatment usually lasts for extended time period and full course of treatment is mandatory to avoid complication relapse.