Nails are the protective arrangement to protect and support the sensitive toes and fingers of the human body. The nails also support to pick and hold hte things, unite, itch or scratch a knot. Growth of fingernails is faster, about 3 times, compared to the toenails.
There are certain abnormal nail changes experienced by people, occasionally. People of all ages get the affects of nail problems. The changes that can be seen are toenail or fingernail changes. In brief, the different nail problems are Onychomycosis (fungal and nail infection), Onycholysis (nail lifting), beau’s lines, Paronychia (bacterial and nail infection), herpetic whitlow, Onychoschizia (nail splitting). If any of these problems are occurring you need to consult your doctor or dermatologist or podiatrist.
The common and primary causes of the nail changes are aging, trauma, skin diseases and infection. Diet is not the cause, unless malnutrition is in severe condition. Usually, trauma causes hemorrhage or bleeding under nail plate, beau lines or horizontal fingernail ridges or leukonychia or spots. The conditions of nail plate layering (onychoschizia) or splitting are results of constantly wet hands, increased or frequent usage of artificial nails or nail polish. Habitual finger tapping also result in such problems. Clipping the nail cause ingrown toenail and become problematic with ill-fitting shoes. Aging nail effects are usually, brittle nails and vertical ridging.
Toenail problems can be caused from poor circulation, trauma, infection, poor nerve supply and ill-fitting shoes, etc. Inflammation around the nails is caused from fingernail fungus and toenail fungus.
Medical investigation is needed to diagnose any abnormal changes occurred on nails. Initially, the apparent problems are to be diagnosed, at the time of consultation. However, if the conditions are not apparent, scraping the nails from beneath and nail clipping may be taken by the doctor for the analysis in laboratory.
Most of the nail conditions can be managed by properly responding through certain minor changes in lifestyles, self-help techniques and some need professional help and treatment. So, these severe nail problems are treated by dermatologist or doctor.
Based on the problem, treatment can be any of the following.
- Advice over gentle and appropriate care of nail
- Antibiotics prescription for infections from batteries
- Treatment given to treat any contribution of skin disease
- To treat fungal nail infections antifungal preparations, especially, oral tables
Most of the nail problems can be healed through self-help health strategies. The following strategies can help healing the nail problems.
- Good personal hygiene to be practiced
- Avoid very frequent use of nail polish
- Limit or if possible avoid harsh chemicals, like detergents and strong soaps
- Do not bit the nails
- Quit smoking
- Attempt home manicure yourself without cuticles pushed back
- Avoid cleaning under the nails too aggressive and too often
- Prevent frequent usage of hair dye chemicals
- Resist or prevent the urge of tearing or biting the hangnails
- Careful removal of artificial nails, following the instructions of manufacturers
- Frequently moisture the hands, especially, after hand wash
- Moisture the corners of the nails without fail
- Promptly treat any signs related to eczema
- Do not share your bath towels
- Wear the shoes that are well-fit to ensure enough room for movement of air
Most of the nail problems can be solved with the self-help hygiene and care otherwise problems get severe and it demands to consult the doctor, podiatrist or dermatologist.