Moles, which are familiar in medical industry as nevucellular skin occurrence, which surface over different skin layers, because of melanin accumulation excessively. Some large moles may look ugly and sometimes even carry the skin cancer risk. However, some smaller moles in case of female, especially, on cheeks, chin enhance the beauty of the person. These moles become darker with the sunlight usually. According to some dermatologists, sunlight worsen this problem and may also end up skin cancer, in extreme cases.
These thickened moles are caused from aggregation of blood vessels or keratosis and usually these do appear post 30s in many people.
Types of Moles
There are different kinds of moles, according to dermatologists.
Congenital Navi moles are regular and normal moles appearing right after birth in babies. Usually one or more than one moles are found on the body.
Dermal moles are appeared on the upper part of the body. It some times contain hairs also and these look ranging from color of flesh to brown.
Blue moles are occur in women mostly, especially over neck, head, arms.
These moles are sometimes flat and sometimes flat and look in brown color.
Sebaceous moles appear in yellow color with rough texture and these get resulted from oil glands in excessive amount.
Compound moles occur for the people having dark brown complexion to tanned. It occurs because of melanocytes, which are in epidermis and dermis, both.
Atypical or Dysplastic Moles
These moles are occurred because of hereditary reasons. These type of moles belong to some class of moles that get enlarged because of frequent and continuous exposure and they keep recurring. People with white skin and heavy sunlight have more probability to get these moles.
The moles look larger and are very unsightly usually and usually have darker hair. Most of these moles appear during first 20 years of one’s life and the occurrence of these moles is decreased after 20s.
Mole removal is possible with different kinds of treatments, like laser methods, surgical methods, etc.
- Round Excision:
Smaller moles with the size lesser than 1 mm can be removed through round excision procedure, easily, with blade or punch. If the moles are larger in size, tissue expansion is required to remove completely.
The excision treatment is used to cut and remove the mole up to the skin crease line. Then the incision would be closed through surgery and the signs of moles will be almost invisible in a few weeks. This treatment works for the moles that are not stubborn and the results are excellent. And the best part of this treatment is that no scar lines would be present once the treatment is completed.
- Laser Treatment:
Moles removal with laser treatment is ideally for the people with brighter complexion and for the moles that are shallow coupled with lighter pigmentation. The laser treatment is performed by breaking up the mole, pigmentation disorder rectification and erasing the existing imperfections, by applying the laser with higher intensity and lower intensity. Deeper and older moles demand longer and more intense treatments to shallow the moles. Mole removal is taken place by directing and applying impulses in hundreds per second. The best part of this treatment is that damage to the skin because of heat, can be minimized.
- Erbium-YAG Laser:
Laser treatment is performed in different ways and Erbium-YAG laser is the latest technological innovation implemented and applied by several dermatologists. This treatment makes use of erbium medium, which is doped with yttrium aluminium garnet. Lasers used in Er-YAG laser treatment emit the laser beam with the wavelength, which is absorbed by hydroxyapatite and water very strongly and it becomes an ideal tool to cut soft tissues and even bones, depending on the treatment.
Erbium-YAG laser, when used for mole removal treatment, emits infrared light with 2940nm wavelength and it is good enough for breaking the pigments, which get accumulated under skin surface and enlarge the moles.
Erbium-YAG laser treatment sometimes demands more than one sitting and second and third attempts are considered, when the first attempt is well taken and responded by the patient. These laser are also used to treat deep scarring and acne scarring. Apart from Erbium laser, other lasers used for skin treatments are Er: glass lasers and Nd: YAG.
The selection of treatment is dependent on various factors and usually, on the size and intensity of the problem with the large mole. So, it is important to visit dermatologist for professional help and appropriate treatment.