Keloid is also widely known as keloidal scar or keloid disorder, in simple terms, it is a raised scar on the skin. It occurs after the skin gets healed post injury. The size of the scar becomes larger than that of the original injury that result in scar, sometimes. So, technically, anything, like cut, burned, severe acne that result in scar is treated as keloid. It shows up in 3 months, sometimes even the growth continues for years.
Anyone with Keloids may have the following symptoms and characteristics.
- Different Feel than the Skin Surrounding
Most of the Keloids give the feel of doughy and soft and some make feel of rubbery and hard.
- Grow Slowly and Appear
Usually 3 months is the period of growth and sometimes continue for years to start and then the first sign of keloid is appeared.
- Cause Tenderness, Itching and Pain
A few of keloids sometime may become tender, itchy or even painful, while touching, while they are growing. After the keloids stop growing, these symptoms would also be stopped.
- Begin as Scar in Red, Pink or Purple
Keloids usually have flat surface and is a raised scar. Its color slowly becomes darker than the skin color, with time and its border would be darker compared to the centre part and then ends up.
These symptoms can be started anywhere on the body and most commonly occurred over back, chest, neck, ears and shoulders. The size of keloids range from smaller close to an inch and may grow for 12 inches and even sometimes, bigger.
Basically, once the skin gets injured, the skin cells would be automatically repaired and during this course, scar is formed. This scar tissue continues to form even the injury gets healed, for longer time. Slowly a small raised area is formed with the accumulation of the extra scar tissue and it becomes a keloid.
Causes of keloids and injuries are many like,
- Insect bites
- Severe acne
- Chicken px
- Surgical scars
- Injection sites
- Puncture wounds
Keloids in some people are developed when they scar and the causes may also be,
- You are pregnant
- You are Asian, Latino or darker in complexion
- You have keloids in family history
- You have age of less than 30 years
- You have been going through puberty stage
Keloids are 15% to 20% more likely to develop for the people with darker skins.
Keloids can be diagnosed easily by looking at the skin, by the doctor. At times, skin biopsy is needed to be done in order to rule out skin growth types and other problems.
Prevention / Avoiding
The patients, who have got any signs of Keloids before, should decide to not to go for any tattoo or piercing and needs to be extra conscious if done so. For example, if the ears get pierced, special pressure earrings must be worn, so that scarring can be worn over the earlobes.
Keloids are treated with objective of shrinking, softening or flattening the skin. Keloids are not very easy to get rid of, as they keep appearing even after treatment. So, combination of treatments are opted by many doctor, for the best results.
The practised treatments can be like,
Freeze the Scars
This treatment is also called as cryotherapy and is helpful to reduce the Keloid’s size and hardness. This treatment is very useful to treat small keloids.
This treatment is performed after keloid surgery to reduce the flow of blood, for reducing chances to returning later.
The medicine from these shots helps the scars to shrink.
The therapy can flatten the skin and reduce keloid and also fades the color.
Wearing of Gel or Silicon Sheets
These sheets and gels can flatten the keloids.
The surgery treatment can involves cutting the keloid and removing from the skin. It is possible that keloids can be returned.
Keloids are possible after injuries and the raised scars are not very painful or harmful health issues. However, it looks like a visible mark on the skin. These raised scars can be removed through different kinds of treatments. So, one needs to be very careful in reducing the injuries and wounds.